Chris K Clippinger, PE received his BSEE from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte in 1988 and is a registered professional engineer in 25+ states. He started work at Duke Power and worked in several departments during his career including Nuclear Engineering Services Department, Fossil/Hydro Engineering, and the Electric Transmission Division of Duke. Chris’s responsibilities while at Duke included the development of protective relay standards, scoping of new installations and served as the solution development leader on the integration team charged with the revitalization the P&C of Duke’s transmission substations. Chris is currently employed with Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories and is a Senior Business Manager in the SEL Engineering Services, Inc. Field Services Division. Chris has helped direct the engineering work performed by SEL at Utilities throughout the USA, Canada and internationally. He is currently responsible for promoting SEL’s services to customers and managing customer projects. Chris is an active member of the IEEE and PES sub-committee.